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The thyroid is a small gland that is situated in the lower part of the neck. The primary objective of this gland is to secrete hormones such as tri-iodothyronine, abbreviated as T3, and thyroxin, abbreviated as T4. These hormones provide energy to cells of the body and are one of the most important hormones to control the body’s metabolism. If there is any imbalance in the hormones it can lead to thyroid problems that include Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
  • Constipation
  • Muscle weakness
  • Weight gain, even if you are not eating more food
  • Pain in joint or muscles
  • Feeling sad or depressed
  • Feeling very tired
  • Pale, dry skin
  • Palpitations
  • Excess sweating
  • Weight loss
What are the causes?
Most common causes of hypothyroidism include:
  • Genetic or from birth
  • Medications
  • Severe iodine deficiency
  • Surgical removal of thyroid tissue
  • If you have type 1 diabetes, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic hepatitis..
TREATMENT
The thyroid is again becoming a lifestyle disease. Less sleep, more stress, poor diet, unhealthy habits are among few reasons responsible for an increase in the number of cases of Thyroid.
Treatment of Thyroid depends on the severity of the conditions. In few cases, you require short-term treatment or medication but in the complex condition, you require life-long treatment.
The treatment options are:
  • Dietary changes
  • Medication
  • Lifestyle changes, living a healthy life
  • Regular exercise
  • Surgery (In complex cases)
Diabetes:
Diabetes is a disease which affects the production and supply of insulin in the body. The two most common types are Type1 & type 2 diabetes.
The person has either high blood glucose (blood sugar), or insulin production is inadequate, or the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar will experience frequent urination or will feel thirsty and hungry.
Facts on diabetes
  • Diabetes is a condition that causes high blood sugar levels.
  • In Type 1 Diabetes the body does not produce insulin.
  • In Type 2 Diabetes the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function.
  • Gestational Diabetes – this type of diabetes affects females during pregnancy.
  • The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst, hunger, weight gain or unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts & bruises that do not heal, sexual dysfunction in male, numbness & tingling in hands and feet.
How to improve your life?
Follow a healthy eating plan, do adequate exercise, and take insulin to lead a normal life.
For Type 2, patients need to follow a healthy lifestyle with physical activity, and test blood glucose to keep a track on your glucose level. You may also require to take oral medication, and/or insulin to control blood glucose levels.
The risk factor of cardiovascular disease is much higher for a diabetic, therefore, it is imperative that blood pressure and cholesterol levels are monitored regularly.
As we all know smoking do more harm than good, so you should stop smoking.
What are the SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS?
There could be many signs and symptoms of high blood sugar including:
  • Blurry vision
  • Increased thirst/ hunger
  • Fatigue/ tiredness
  • Urinating often
  • Weight loss/ gain
TREATMENT
Diabetes is a problem that can affect children and adults both so it is imperative to take good care of your health so that we can reduce or eliminate these diseases from our life. At Adiva Hospitals we believe in treating the patient not only with medicines but also through counseling. We make you live your life the way you wanted to, just adding few healthy habits and care.
So when it comes to the treatment of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, we primarily suggest making lifestyle changes to ensure a happy life. But with it, one should continue proper medication/ treatment.
There is no cure for type 1 diabetes
General treatment involves medicines, diet, and exercise that control blood sugar level and prevent symptoms and problems