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Seizures are the only symptom of epilepsy. Epilepsy is outlined as having “two or more unprovoked seizures. There are also different types of seizure. Seizures might vary between individuals with epilepsy, therefore in two people, the condition may look different. For this reason, it can be called a spectrum disorder.

Here are some key points about epilepsy:

  • Epilepsy is a neurological disorder.
  • Primary symptoms commonly include seizures.
  • Seizures have a range of severity depending on the individual.
  • Treatments include anti-seizure medications.

Symptoms:

The main symptom of epilepsy is repeated seizures. If one or more of the following symptoms are present, the individual should see a doctor, especially if they recur:

  • a convulsion with no temperature (no fever)
  • short spells of blackout, or confused memory
  • intermittent fainting spells, during which bowel or bladder control is lost, which is frequently followed by extreme fatigue
  • for a short period, the person is unresponsive to instructions or questions
  • the person becomes stiff, suddenly, for no apparent reason
  • the person suddenly falls for no clear reason
  • sudden bouts of blinking without apparent stimuli

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimate that epilepsy affects 50 million individuals worldwide.

Treatment:

There is presently no cure for most types of epilepsy. However, surgery can stop some kinds of seizure from occurring, and in many cases, the condition can be managed. If an underlying correctable brain condition is causing the seizures, generally surgery will stop them. At Adiva hospital, the doctor’s aim is to prevent further seizures from occurring, while at the same time avoiding side effects so that the patient can lead a normal, active, and productive life.