A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by continual headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from 2 to 72 hours. Associated symptoms can include nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light, sound, or smell. The pain is mostly made worse by physical activity. Up to one-third of people have an aura: usually a brief moment of visual disturbance that signals that the headache can shortly occur. Occasionally, an aura can occur with very little or no headache following it.
- The cause of migraines is not yet known.
- It is suspected that they result from abnormal activity within the brain. This can affect the way nerves communicate as well as the chemicals and blood vessels in the brain. Genetics may make someone more sensitive to the triggers that may cause migraines.
However, the subsequent triggers are likely to set off migraines:
Hormonal changes: Women may experience migraine symptoms during menstruation, due to changing hormone levels.
Emotional triggers: Stress, depression, anxiety, excitement, and shock will trigger a migraine.
Physical causes: Fatigue and insufficient sleep, shoulder or neck tension, poor posture, and physical travail have all been linked to migraines. Low blood sugar and jet lag can also act as triggers.
Triggers in the diet: Alcohol and caffeine will contribute to triggering migraines. Some specific foods may have this effect, including chocolate, cheese, citrus fruits, and foods containing the additive tyramine. Irregular mealtimes and dehydration have additionally been named as potential triggers.
Medications: Some sleeping pills, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) medications, and therefore the combined contraceptive pill have all been named as possible triggers.
Triggers within the environment: Unsteady screens, strong smells, second-hand smoke, and loud noises will set out a migraine. Stuffy rooms, temperature changes, and bright lights also are possible triggers.
- There is currently no single cure for migraines. Treatment is geared towards preventing a full-blown attack, and assuaging the symptoms that occur. At Adiva Hospitals we believe in treating the patient not only with medicines but also through counseling. We make you live your life the way you wanted to, just adding few healthy habits and care.
- So when it comes to treatment of migraine, we primarily suggest making lifestyle changes to ensure a happy life. Some individuals additionally notice that special diets will facilitate. The treatment of migraine symptoms focuses on avoiding triggers and taking medicine.