Sleep disorders are a group of conditions that affect the ability to sleep well on an everyday basis. Whether they are caused by a health problem or by an excessive amount of stress, sleep disorders have become progressively common. Most people often experience sleeping problems due to stress, hectic schedules, and other outside influences. However, when these problems begin to occur on an everyday basis and interfere with everyday life, they may indicate a sleeping disorder.
In some cases, sleep disorders will be a symptom of another medical or mental health condition. These sleeping issues may eventually depart once treatment is obtained for the underlying cause. When sleep disorders aren’t caused by another condition, treatment commonly involves a mixture of medical treatments and lifestyle changes.
Symptoms can differ depending on the severity and type of sleeping disorder. They may also vary when sleep disorders are a result of another condition.
However, general symptoms of sleep disorders include:
- Difficulty falling or staying asleep
- Day time fatigue
- Strong urge to take naps during the day
- Irritability or anxiety
- Lack of concentration
Types of sleep disorders:
There are numerous different types of sleep disorders. Some may be caused by different underlying health conditions.
- Insomnia- Insomnia refers to the inability to fall asleep or to remain asleep. It can be caused by weariness, stress and anxiety, hormones, or digestive problems.
- Sleep Apnea- This is a serious medical condition that causes the body to take in less oxygen. It can also cause you to wake up throughout the night.
- Parasomnias- Parasomnias are a class of sleep disorders that cause abnormal movements and behaviors during sleep.
Lifestyle changes will greatly improve your quality of sleep, especially when they’re done along with medical treatments.
Medical treatment for sleep disturbances might embody any of the following:
- Sleeping pills
- Melatonin supplements
- Allergy or cold medication
- Medications for any underlying health issues
- Breathing device or surgery (usually for sleep apnea)
- A dental guard (usually for teeth grinding)