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What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)?

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a disorder that affects the prostate gland in men. The
the prostate is a gland found between the bladder (where urine is stored) and the urethra (the tube
through which the urine passes). As men grow older, the prostate gland slowly enlarges. As the
prostate gets bigger, it may pass on the urethra and cause the flow of urine to be slower and
less forceful.

Symptoms of BPH

  • Blood in the urine (i.e. hematuria), instigated by straining to void
  • Dribbling after voiding
  • Feeling that the bladder hasn’t emptied entirely even after urination
  • Frequent urination, particularly at night
  • Interrupted or weak urine stream caused by decreased force
  • Leakage of urine
  • Pushing or straining to begin urination
  • Recurrent, urgent need to urinate

Causes of BPH

  • Aging- Prostate gland enlargement rarely causes signs in younger men. But about one-
    a third of men experience moderate to severe symptoms when they age.
  • Family history- Having a blood relative, such as a father or a brother, with prostate
    problems means you' re prone to have this problem.
  • Lifestyle- Obesity escalates the risk of BPH. So staying healthy and maintaining weight can help to fight with BPH. So exercise to lessen the risk.


  • Medical therapy with drugs like Alpha Blockers, Finasteride/Dutasteride can help in treating BPH
  • Surgical procedures – the options of surgical intervention available for BPH are Holmium Laser Enucleation of Prostate, Transurethral Incision of the Prostate (TUIP), Transurethral resection of the Prostate (TURP), and Open Prostatectomy.